Creditor Summit Credit Union filed a motion for summary judgment seeking to declare a $2.5 million loan to be nondischargeable under 11 U.S.C. §§ 523(a)(2)(A), 523(a)(2)(B), and 523(a)(6). Debtor Goldbeck sought a loan to finance construction of a physical therapy center. Goldbeck knew the actual cost of the center totaled around $5 million, yet presented multiple documents to Summit showing the cost to be approximately $2.5 million. To close the loan, Summit requested a signed lease from a future tenant. Goldbeck submitted an allegedly signed lease that the evidence indicated was likely forged. The Court found Goldbeck intentionally deceived Summit without any justification or excuse. The Court denied summary judgment under section 523(a)(2)(B), holding that the use of financial projections did not constitute Debtor’s “financial statement.” However, the Court did grant summary judgment under sections 523(a)(2)(A) and (a)(6), finding that Goldbeck misrepresented the cost of the budget and “willfully and maliciously” injured Summit by leaving it with a half completed building incapable of generating any return on its $2.5 million investment.
11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(2)(A) -- Nondischargeability – False Pretenses, False Representation or Fraud
11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(2)(B) -- Nondischargeability – Use of a Statement in Writing
11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(6) -- Nondischargeability – Willful and Malicious Injury
Willful and Malicious - Defined